Railways, Steam Vessels and Marionets

Dr. John McCormick -

Puppetry has always been a wandering art on its basis. In Japan, the demonstrations, which later became the famous Bunraku, began as small-scale demonstrations by traveling monks. The Kathputian puppet tradition in Punjab has always been in the hands of the Bhatt caste, a traveling puppeteer and tinster. At the end of the Middle Ages, there were traveling entertaining groups in Russia known as Skomorokhi, and one of their skills was to play puppets. Long before the established puppet theaters exist, puppeteers searched for places where people gather, such as markets and fairgrounds. In most cases, puppet players have probably traveled within limited language and geographic boundaries. Most of them only had small trolleys where they stacked their materials. Roads were bad in Europe, and many countries were at risk from serious bandits. In Britain and some other countries, roads began to develop in the middle of the 19th century. Traveling circuses began to transport large quantities of equipment, which resulted in a full caravan industry. Since the caravan is a way to allow people to have their own house while traveling from time to time, sometimes for a long period of time, artists who perform marionet performances have often acquired these caravans. In the 1990s, Dombrowskis was one of the last of such companies to use a living caravan and a second caravan to carry all the materials.